China obtains ignorable cow disease risk negligible certification from the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE)
On May 27, 2014, the third plenary meeting of the 82nd Session of the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) discussed and recognized that the Mainland of China has reached the negligible risk of mad cow disease.
On May 27, 2014, the third plenary meeting of the 82nd Session of the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) discussed and recognized that the Mainland of China has reached the negligible risk of mad cow disease. Dr. Warat issued a certificate to the Chinese delegation and congratulated him. This means that the international community's recognition of China ’s animal epidemic prevention and control system and capabilities indicates that China ’s mad cow disease prevention work has reached the international advanced level, which is of great significance for ensuring the safety of animal-derived food and public health in China, and promoting international trade in beef.
Bovine mad cow disease, or bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), is a fatal zoonotic disease of the nervous system caused by prions. Cows are mainly infected by eating feeds containing or contaminated with prions, and 100% of sick cows die. Human consumption of prion-containing bovine brain, spinal cord, or prion-contaminated beef products can cause variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD). There is no effective treatment for this disease. Since the first detection of BSE in Britain in 1986, more than 15 million cattle have been culled in 26 countries worldwide; 225 confirmed cases of BSE infection have been reported in 12 countries and regions, and all infected people have died. The status of BSE has become the primary concern for countries in developing international trade in cattle and their products. In order to reduce the public health risks brought by BSE, OIE encourages members to strengthen risk prevention and control capacity building and conduct risk status assessments. OIE divides risk levels into three levels, uncertain risk, controlled risk, and negligible risk.
Mad cow disease has never occurred in our country. In order to prevent the introduction of mad cow disease epidemic abroad, since 1990, the Ministry of Agriculture has implemented strict control measures on the risk of mad cow disease. First, a national mad cow disease reference laboratory and a professional laboratory have been established, and diagnostic methods and quality standard systems recognized by OIE have been established, and continuous monitoring has been carried out nationwide in the past 12 years. Second, it is strictly forbidden to import risky substances such as meat and bone meal, bone meal, and oil residues derived from cattle, sheep, and ruminants from the affected countries and regions together with relevant departments to effectively prevent the introduction of risky commodities. The third is to strengthen feed supervision. The import of animal feed from high-risk areas has been strictly restricted since 1999; the use of animal feed to feed ruminants has been banned in 2001. In September 2013, the Ministry of Agriculture submitted an application report to the OIE on the negligible risk of mad cow disease in China. After strict evaluation, OIE believes that China has reached the negligible risk of mad cow disease.
At the same time, China has also obtained the African Horse Plague Historical Free Certification at this conference.